Ludwig van Beethoven’s Violin Sonata No. 9 “Kreutzer,” was completed and premiered in 1803 while Beethoven was in Vienna. He had completed the finale three years prior, but the other movements were finished mere moments before the first performance, with the piano part practically blank. Thus at its premiere performance the violinist was forced to sight-read, while the composer himself performed without written notes. Having been dedicated to the violinist who premiered the work, the piece was first known as the Bridgetower Sonata. However, Beethoven and Bridgetower quarreled and so the composer to re-dedicated the work to Rudolphe Kreutzer. Ironically, Kreutzer never performed the work, after a broken arm ultimately drove him to give up violin playing.
Alixandra Porembski, English Language Annotator