The term "Viennese Classicists"encomapsses the work of three composers: Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven. The programme of the Sunday concert will include compositions of the two composers, allowing us to look at their rich and varied oeuvre from a broad perspective.
Haydn's works were very popular in the 18th century. His music enjoyed special esteem in England, and the composer, encouraged by his success, visited the country twice. The first visit was a great success, and Haydn decided to write, for his next trip to England, the last twelve symphonies, commonly referred to as “London Symphonies”. Symphony in E flat major Hob. I: 99 is the seventh composition from this collection, a work combining the beauty of melody, mastery of form and momentum in building the culmination. This is also Haydn's first symphony in which the artist used the clarinet, an instrument just making his way to popularity.
Symphony in E flat major No. 39 KV 543, crowning the concert, by Mozart is a late work of the composer. It was created in the summer of 1788, at exactly the same time as two other masterpieces of this genre, Symphony in G minor KV 550 and Symphony in C major KV 551. The Symphony in E flat major begins with a solemn fanfare with trumpets and timpani. The third movement is built in an intriguing way. The outer segments are the usual court dance, minuet, while the trio brings associations with lendler, an Austrian folk dance. Mozart used two clarinets here: the first conducts the melody, and the second accompanies it in the low register. The work is crowned with an energetic, optimistic finale.
In between these great symphonies, the Swiss soprano Regula Mühlemann will present arias from Mozart's operas Lucio Silla and Il re pastore, as well as the virtuoso motet Exsultate jubilate. The composer wrote the lattter in Milan and dedicated it to the Italian castrato Venanzio Rauzzini.