Forum Musicum
Estonian Hymns of the 16th Century
8:00 PM
St. Matthew Church

Loomine (Creation) after a runic song from Ambla parish (arr. M. Kõlar)
Oh Aadam, sinu essitus (O Adam, Your Hypocrisy) – a folk hymn from Otepää parish
Mikołaj of Radom (15th c.) Magnificat
Mu süda, ärka üles (Wake up my Heart) after a folk hymn (arr. M. Kõlar)
Marbrianus de Orto (ca. 1460–1529) Lamentatio
Rahva Õnnistegija (Redeemer of the People) – a folk hymn from Suur-Pakri parish
Anonymous (14th c.) Sanctus from the Tounai Mass
Imeline koda (House of Wonders) after a runic song from Vilo parish (arr. M. Kõlar)
Anonymous (14th c.) Agnus Dei from the Toulouse Mass
Mu mano tulge latse (Let the Children Come to Me) – a folk hymn from Vormsi parish
Haned kadunud (A Lost Goose) after a runic song from Kuusalu parish (arr. M. Kõlar)


Heinavanker (Tallinn):
Saale Kreen – soprano
Kadri Hunt – alto
Sander Pehk – tenor
Vambola Krigul – baritone
Christopher Staak – bass
Margo Kõlar – tenor, artistic direction

St. Matthew Church
pl. Nankiera 17, 50-140 Wrocław
from 15 to 45 zł

A real miracle of the end of the last century was the discovery in the archives of folk song records, a testimony to the original culture of Estonian religious singing. Cyrillus Kreek, one of the most important collectors of them, described them as ‘spinning and drawing’. They used texts from a Protestant canticle, making the melodies so ornate that sometimes they became impossible to recognize.

The origins of the religious traditions of folk songs are still unclear, but enough evidence has been found to suppose that there was a spiritual connection with the Moravian Brethren movement in the 18th century that sparked a massive wave of piety among the rural population. The second source was most likely the population of Swedish settlers living in the Estonian islands and coastal areas, whose strong cultural identity has certainly made an impact on the way their neighbors perceive the world. In fact, it can be argued that the melismatic character of a religious folk song derives directly from Scandinavian music, as runic songs (regilaul), ancient songs of Finno-Ugric origin, belong to a different cultural context.

About five hundred religious folk songs in different versions have been collected in Estonia. The older ones indicate monodic thinking, while the newer ones increase the role of harmony. Most likely, they were sung at home, which explains the richness of ornamentation, but also during services and religious congregations. It is worth mentioning the revival of archaic runic songs (songs in the poetic metre regivärss), created exclusively by Estonians and other Finno-Ugric peoples, whose oral tradition, according to scholars, has survived for thousands of years. Thanks to the Estonian national awakening in the second half of the 19th century, these songs were collected and now constitute one of the largest collections of folklore in the world. The rich, colourful and imaginative texts of these songs are a perfect complement to the modest knowledge we have about the oldest Estonian history.


NFM Audio Player - obsługa komponentu Event

NFM Video Panel - obsługa komponentu Event

NOTE! This site uses cookies and similar technologies.

Like most websites, we use cookies to facilitate online booking and to ensure we give you the best possible experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume you're happy to receive cookies. You can learn more about changing your settings in our Privacy Policy. Learn more

Accept & close
Newsletter Melomana
We announce new concerts, we remind you about the start of ticket sales, we let you know about the last vacancies